Archive for the ‘School papers’ Category

Now that I’ve covered all six output methods, let’s do a quick review.

Epub to Adobe Digital Editions had an issue with the cover appearing off-center and cut off. It did well on text formatting, with everything working correctly except the two more obscure fonts. It had an issue with unordered-within-ordered nested lists. As long as the window was sized large enough, all the image requests came out as planned. Links worked fine, except the link within the text caused the anchor ID to appear as a hyperlink.

Epub to Calibre

Calibre passed with flying colors. It even had three out of the four fonts (no output device had the fourth font). No complaints.

Epub to iBooks

iBooks did well with the text formatting, but only had two out of the four fonts. The text-image alignments only worked when they both fit on the screen, and since there was no way to resize the screen, that wasn’t often. The iPhone app had a pretty serious problem with floating images, which the iPad app did not.

Mobi to Kindle for computer

The “Intro” link on Table of Contents took you to the cover, not the intro heading. Text did well, and it had three out of the four fonts (none had all four). Everything else ran smoothly. Excellent work.

Mobi to Kindle app (iPad and iPhone)

Table of contents is absent. All lines are indented (not planned). No typeface changes worked at all, and font size changes were not to scale. Weird problem with the ordered-within-unordered list. None of the image alignment worked–as with iBooks, this is probably because of the inability to resize the screen. There was also no border on the bordered image. What a mess! At least the link did not highlight the anchor as in some of the other outputs.

Mobi to Kindle device

Again, the table of contents is absent. The text mostly mirrored that on the iPad/iPhone app: all indented, no typeface changes, font size changes but not to the sizes requested. The “colored” text appeared in greyscale, which is fair since this is not a colored screen. There was a problem with ordered-within-unordered lists, but not as drastic as the problem with the app. No formatting with the images worked. Background colors did not appear at all. Like the app, the link within the text did not cause the anchor to hyperlink, which was a plus. Otherwise, though, lots of problems here.

So to sum up, by my findings, in terms of best to worst handling of formatting:

1. Calibre

2. Kindle for computer

3. Adobe Digital Editions

4. iBooks

5. Kindle app

6. Kindle device

Of course, this wasn’t meant to be a contest, but rather a resource for ebook authors and publishers. I wanted you to be able to see what works where, and what doesn’t. If you’re only composing for Calibre, great, do what you want! But if you intend to sell your book to the public, you don’t know what kind of device it could end up on. Have a look though these pages to see what can go wrong, so you’ll know what formatting to avoid as you submit your epub or mobi.

 

 

 

I’ve been taking an ebooks class this semester, and for my final project I decided to do a little formatting experiment. We learned all kinds of formatting and CSS in class, but a lot of what we learned didn’t work on every form of output. The same epub file might come out differently in Adobe Digital Editions versus iBooks. So I created a mini-ebook in both epub and mobi, with all kinds of formatting “issues” I could think of–colors, lists, images–and took screenshots of how they came out in different programs and devices.

So far, I covered epub to Adobe Digital Editions, epub to Calibre, epub to iBooks, mobi to Kindle (computer), and mobi to Kindle app (iPad and iPhone). In this post, I’m covering mobi to the Kindle device itself.

For starters, you can download the mobi here. But it is possible to get the gist of the experiment without downloading it.

Let’s see how the mobi displayed on the Kindle device (Kindle Keyboard 3G).

Cover

The cover came out fine, but the table of contents was once again unavailable.

Text

The colored text comes out greyscaled, which is really the best that can be hoped for with a black-and-white screen. The centering and right-aligning works. As with the Kindle app, the text is always indented but justified. None of the fonts worked, and as with the app, the altered font sizes were bigger and smaller in turn, but not to scale.

Lists

As you can see above, the regular lists come out fine.

Again we have a problem with the first item in the ordered-within-unordered nested list. But here we just have an extra bullet, where in the app we had a five-digit number inexplicably replacing the 1. So this is an improvement.

Images

I’m just going to include one shot of the images, to spare you the repetition.

Each time the image appeared, it took up the whole screen. So alignment and floating were moot. I will point out that the image that was supposed to have the border did not.

Links and Backgrounds

Both links worked, and without causing the anchor to hyperlink. Neither background had any effect.

That’s the last output method I’ll be testing for this project, so all that’s left is to summarize.

I’ve been taking an ebooks class this semester, and for my final project I decided to do a little formatting experiment. We learned all kinds of formatting and CSS in class, but a lot of what we learned didn’t work on every form of output. The same epub file might come out differently in Adobe Digital Editions versus iBooks. So I created a mini-ebook in both epub and mobi, with all kinds of formatting “issues” I could think of–colors, lists, images–and took screenshots of how they came out in different programs and devices.

So far, I covered epub to Adobe Digital Editions, epub to Calibre, epub to iBooks, and mobi to Kindle (computer). In this post, I’m covering mobi to the Kindle app for iPad and iPhone.

For starters, you can download the mobi here. But it is possible to get the gist of the experiment without downloading it.

Let’s see how the mobi displayed in Kindle’s app for iPad.

Cover

No problem with cover display, on page or in thumbnail (not shown). BUT, for some reason, the table of contents doesn’t work on this app, even though it worked on the desktop app. When I select the Table of Contents icon, I get a greyed out “Table of Contents (Not available for this title).”

Text

Lots of fail here. The color, centering, and right-aligning worked. As for justifying, it looks to me like all the text is justified. But Kindle puts a hefty indent at the beginning of each line, whether you want it or not. None of the typeface changes worked. The font sizes are bigger and smaller respectively, but not to the extreme that they should be.

Lists

Everything is fine ’til we get to the ordered-within-unordered list at the bottom. 65535 instead of 1? That’s an odd mistake, at a spot where none of the other apps have had a problem. On the plus side, we avoid the anchor-as-hyperlink that some of the other apps created.

Images

So basically, besides the existence of an image, none of this worked. We have the same issue as in the other apps with the middle- and top-alignment not working if the window is too small, and as in iBooks, we can’t resize the window to fix it. I took a picture of what happens when you turn the screen on its side:

As with iBooks, you get two columns instead of one big one, and some really extreme justification. Though I should point out that, while you can’t resize the window, you can zoom in on the images themselves.

No border and no floating image. Tisk tisk, Kindle for iPad!

Links and Backgrounds

Both links work, though the link to the website actually opens in Kindle, and you have to press another button if you want to open it in Safari.

This is the first app we’ve seen where the background colors touch, instead of a blank line in between. Looks cool.

Generally though, a lot of problems here, which is weird since the Kindle for Mac had almost no problems. So be aware as you are creating your mobi: just because it displays properly on your desktop does not mean it will translate correctly onto another device!

Now, here’s the real surprise: When I checked the mobi against the Kindle app for iPhone, it behaved EXACTLY as it did on Kindle for iPad! Not even iBooks pulled off that kind of consistency. Just a little odd, considering how much of a gap there was between Kindle for computer and Kindle for iPad/iPhone.

Next, let’s check out mobi to the Kindle device itself.

I’ve been taking an ebooks class this semester, and for my final project I decided to do a little formatting experiment. We learned all kinds of formatting and CSS in class, but a lot of what we learned didn’t work on every form of output. The same epub file might come out differently in Adobe Digital Editions versus iBooks. So I created a mini-ebook in both epub and mobi, with all kinds of formatting “issues” I could think of–colors, lists, images–and took screenshots of how they came out in different programs and devices.

So far, I covered epub to Adobe Digital Editions, epub to Calibre, and epub to iBooks (iPad). In this post, I’m covering mobi to the desktop Kindle app (for Mac).

For starters, you can download the mobi here.But it is possible to get the gist of the experiment without downloading it.

Let’s see how the mobi displayed in Kindle’s app for Mac.

Cover

No problems on page or thumbnail (not shown). The only weird thing is that clicking “Intro” on the Table of Contents takes you to the cover, not the heading ‘Intro” like it’s supposed to.

Text

Everything worked except the most obscure font, Thornburi.

Lists

As you can see above, we avoided that awkward problem of the ID anchor (which is on the line “Here is an ordered list”) appear as a hyperlink that doesn’t go anywhere.

All the lists check out just fine!

Images

Everything worked fine. As with the other desktop apps, the top- and middle-aligned images only displayed as such when the window was sized widely enough; otherwise they appeared below the text.

Links

Links both work.

Backgrounds

Looks good!

Good job, Kindle for Mac! Let’s see what happens on Kindle for iPad and iPhone

I’ve been taking an ebooks class this semester, and for my final project I decided to do a little formatting experiment. We learned all kinds of formatting and CSS in class, but a lot of what we learned didn’t work on every form of output. The same epub file might come out differently in Adobe Digital Editions versus iBooks. So I created a mini-ebook in both epub and mobi, with all kinds of formatting “issues” I could think of–colors, lists, images–and took screenshots of how they came out in different programs and devices.

In the last post, I covered epub to Adobe Digital Editions and epub to Calibre. In this post, I’m covering epub to iBooks, on both iPad and iPhone.

For starters, you can download the epub here. But it is possible to get the gist of the experiment without downloading it.

Let’s see how the epub displayed in iBooks for iPad.

Cover

The cover fits on the first page, with no off-centering problems on page or thumbnail (not shown).

Text

As with ADE, all the text formatting worked except the more obscure fonts.

Lists

Above, you can see that we have the same problem as with ADE, with the ID anchor in the first line under “Lists” being treated as a hyperlink. It’s more subtle in this case, since the hyperlink isn’t underlined, but it’s still a misleading distraction.

The list themselves, though, are fine.

Images

Notice the issue with the alignments. This was the same problem I had with the two desktop applications I’ve reviewed so far, that was solved by resizing the window. You can resize the windows on iBooks (if you turn the iPad sideways, it switches to a 2-page spread), so there’s no quick fix.

Don’t be fooled by the last two images. The image with the border displays as it should. The image that is supposed to be floating right is the one on the following page, which also displays as it should. At first glance, it looked like the same image was displayed twice!

Links and Backgrounds

Both links work as they should (the link within the book having the annoying quality mentioned above of displaying the anchor as a hyperlink). The link to the website brings up a pop-up window asking, “Do you want to leave iBooks and open this link?” Upon clicking “Open,” it opens the link in Safari.

Now let’s look at iBook for iPhone. Most things were the same, so I’m just highlighting anything that came out differently than in the iPad version.

Justification:

Haha. No. It will not justify. It’s easier to tell on this narrow a screen!

Image alignment

Even though we’re looking at split-up images, we can easily see that both the top- and middle-alignments actually came out as the default bottom-align.

Now here’s a weird thing. The floating image works fine with the iPhone held sideways:

But look what happens when it’s held upright!

That is probably not something you want to have happen by accident.

Next: Mobi to Kindle for desktop.

I’ve been taking an ebooks class this semester, and for my final project I decided to do a little formatting experiment. We learned all kinds of formatting and CSS in class, but a lot of what we learned didn’t work on every form of output. The same epub file might come out differently in Adobe Digital Editions versus iBooks. So I created a mini-ebook in both epub and mobi, with all kinds of formatting “issues” I could think of–colors, lists, images–and took screenshots of how they came out in different programs and devices.

In the last post, I covered epub to Adobe Digital Editions. In this post, I’m covering epub to Calibre.

For starters, you can download the epub here. But it is possible to get the gist of the experiment without downloading it.

Let’s see how the epub displayed in Calibre.

Cover

There were no centering problems with the thumbnail this time (not shown). The cover didn’t fit on one page, and handled it by splitting the picture and putting the bottom on the following page, which is better than ADE’s solution of just not showing the bottom of the image.

Text

Everything worked except Thornburi (the weirdest of the fonts included). Nice job, Calibre!

Lists

Above, you can see that the anchor on the first line is not hyperlinked like it was in ADE. (It shouldn’t be.)

This all worked just fine, none of the ordered list fail we saw in ADE.

Images

Everything worked! As with ADE, the window had to be wide enough to get the pictures in line with the text, otherwise they appeared below.

Links and Backgrounds

Both links worked, and obviously, so did the backgrounds.

Not bad, Calibre. Not bad at all.

Next: epub to iBooks.

I’ve been taking an ebooks class this semester, and for my final project I decided to do a little formatting experiment. We learned all kinds of formatting and CSS in class, but a lot of what we learned didn’t work on every form of output. The same epub file might come out differently in Adobe Digital Editions versus iBooks. So I created a mini-ebook in both epub and mobi, with all kinds of formatting “issues” I could think of–colors, lists, images–and took screenshots of how they came out in different programs and devices.

Let’s begin with epub to Adobe Digital Editions.

For starters, you can download the epub here. But it is possible to get the gist of the experiment without downloading it.

Let’s see how the epub displayed in Adobe Digital Editions.

Cover

You can see from both the thumbnail in the upper left corner and the first page that the cover is off-center. The cover also doesn’t fit on the first page, and instead of shrinking it or splitting it in two, we get half a cover followed by a blank page. This isn’t such a huge issue with a cover image, but it might be a problem for larger images contained in the book.

Text

The font colors, alignments, and sizes all worked. The common typefaces displayed correctly, but the uncommon ones did not.

Lists

The reason the first line came out as a link isn’t because it’s a hyperlink itself. It’s actually the anchored “ID” tag that I use to jump within the book later on. It doesn’t actually link to anything, and should not be highlighted.

The regular lists work fine, but we hit a pretty epic fail with the unordered list nested within the ordered list. As you see, the ordering continued through, leaving what should be step four as step seven. There’s no problem with the opposite, the ordered list within the unordered one.

Images

All the alignments and borders worked! Of course, the ADE window had to be wide enough to fit the images next to the texts. Otherwise the images came out below the text, instead of aligned.

Links

They both work. Just annoying that the second link causes the anchor to behave like hyperlink.

Backgrounds

Success.

Next: Epub to Calibre.